HCG or Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone is a hormone of pregnancy, which has a significant role in human reproduction.
Studies have shown that it plays a crucial part in achieving and maintaining pregnancy. It participates in early embryo development. The hormone is only made during pregnancy in the placenta (a body organ that forms during pregnancy for the nourishment and development of the embryo. The level of HCG hormone in woman’s blood and urine increases during the first trimester. They may give rise to vomiting and nausea associated with pregnancy.
Role of HCG in pregnant women
HCG was first discovered in 1920, but its importance for pregnancy was discovered in 1928. Many studies were done to establish the role of this hormone in pregnancy. Finally, it came out be a vital hormone for pregnant women.
HCH hormone produced naturally in pregnant women. The female body starts producing this hormone in early pregnancy and peaking at around 14th week. A pregnancy test is performed by checking the presence of HCG in a woman’s urine, and the birth defects can also be assessed by determining the level of HCG.
The most important role played by HCG in a pregnant woman is that it ensures that the baby is getting all essential nutrients and calories required for proper development. The hormone makes sure that the fetus is getting everything that is necessary for growth without much depending on the mother’s food intake. It tends to assess the stored fat in mother’s body and make it available to the baby. HCG is a necessary hormone for a pregnant woman, even if a woman is not aware of her pregnancy and not eating for two, HCG ensures that the fetus receives food is required for growth. The secretion of HCG reduces after the initial weeks of pregnancy. This is the crucial time f pregnancy where a woman is more concern about eating to sustain her own and her baby’s health.
It has been established that HCG has the ability to convert the corpus luteum, which is a hormone secreting structure that grows on the surface of the ovary (female reproductive organ) after the process of ovulation take place.
About beta HCG levels
The level of HCG rises as the growth of embryo takes place inside the womb of the pregnant woman. It is necessary that the beta numbers should double every 36 hours o 48 hours. In case dramatic decreases in the levels observed there might be chances of miscarriage, while a constant or same level may indicate an ectopic pregnancy. The levels of beta HCG can be used to determine multiple pregnancies like twins, or triplets.