You might not be aware of the close relationship between asthma and allergies. Well, more often both of them occur together which creates an unwanted health condition called allergic asthma.
Anatomy of allergic asthma:
When you come into contact with any allergic substances, which can be in the form of virus or bacteria, our body generates some molecules called IgE antibodies. The allergic reaction makes the muscles around the airways narrow. These tightened airways also become inflamed and flooded with mucus. The allergic effects on the bronchial tubes, trigger various symptoms, confirming the presence of allergy-induced asthma.
The substances that trigger allergy probably affects your immune system, and thus your resistance capacity deteriorates. Allergic factors are extrinsic in nature, but their reactions make an impact on the internal system. At the time of allergic attack, the immune system works hard to protect you from the allergic factors.
Allergic asthma is considered to be the most common type of respiratory problem. Various studies have found that allergic asthma accounts for almost 50% of all cases of asthma.
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Our immune system is the main protector of our body from the allergic substances that can be in the forms of bacteria, viruses, dust, smoke, chemical or anything else. Whenever the allergic substances attack, some of our body parts like lungs, nose, skin and eyes are affected the most. The IgE antibodies of the immune system encourage defensive cells to counter the impact of allergy. This counter reaction leads the production of histamine, which causes swelling and inflammation of respiratory tubes, so the allergic symptoms are surfaced.
Symptoms of allergic asthma:
The symptoms of cough-variant, occupation, allergic and non-allergic asthma are almost same. Some of the common signs of the allergy-induce asthma can be identified as:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
- Red skin
- Excess production of mucus
- Nasal congestion
- Irritation in eyes
Also Read: Home Remedies to Alleviate Asthma Symptoms
Allergens behind allergic asthma:
There are some common allergens that affect the functions of lungs preceding the respiratory problems. These allergens include:
- Dust mites
- Animal dander (hair, feathers, skin, urine or saliva)
- Pollen from grass and trees
- Mold spores and fragments
- Cockroach and other insects
Apart from these allergens, there are some more factors that can worsen the condition of allergic asthma and pose fatal problems including severe asthma attack. Such irritants can be counted as:
- Air pollution
- Chemical odors or fumes
- Tobacco smoke
- Smoke from a bonfire
- Exercise in cold air
- Lack of sufficient oxygen
- Perfumes, air fresheners or other scented products
- Dusty house and workplaces
Treatment of allergic asthma:
The diagnosis process of the allergy-induce asthma starts with some specific tests to identify the main allergens responsible for that health condition. These tests involve all the suspected allergens and their reactions on your skin and respiratory system. Blood test might also be conducted to see the IgE level if the skin test does not give you enough evidence.
Medications for Allergic Asthma
Bronchodilators are often prescribed to relax the bronchial tubes, so that you can breathe easy. Some bronchodilators are like daily-use devices to control asthma attack instantly. There are some anti-inflammatory drugs that help in widening airways and preventing the secretion of chemicals causing allergic asthma.
Allergy shots are also recommended in many cases to strengthen the resistance capacity of your immune system. This immunotherapy involves some specific injections containing little doses of the particular allergens to counter the allergic symptoms. It helps gradual increament of tolerance to the allergens.
Anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) treatment
This therapy is used to modify the release of IgE to prevent the allergic reactions that cause respiratory problems. So, when you come into the contact of some specific allergens, your immune system becomes overactive to release a chemical (histamine); and when there is no danger with other allergens, your immune system functions normally.
Follow an asthma plan
Maintaining an asthma management plan is very important to keep the crucial records of your asthma conditions, daily activities, medications, frequency of asthma attack, possible allergens, an appointment with doctor, dietary etc. Such a plan keeps you well-informed about the improvement of condition as well as specific steps needed to follow during the entire course.
Home tips to counter allergic asthma:
There are some home methods that prove to be equally effective in controlling allergic respiratory conditions. These tips are not only easy to follow, but also very affordable for the people at large. Some of these tips insist you to:
- Control indoor humidity and pollen level
- Avoid outdoor dust mites
- Stay inside when pollen counts are high
- Properly check for pet dander
- Keep your bedroom, kitchen and bathroom clean and hygienic
- Avoid hard physical exercise if you have respiratory problems
- Keep your workplace clean and smoke-free
- Install air filters and ensure proper ventilation
Asthma of any type is always harmful. If you cannot breathe properly, it becomes very hard to manage your daily activities. With the increasing levels of environmental pollution, the cases of allergic asthma are also soaring high. But a proper asthma management plan and adjustment in your living style can turn the scenario. Follow a natural lifestyle that is the only way to fight the menace effectively.
Also Read: Don’t Worry, You Can Beat Your Asthma