Sumatriptan is a medication that is commonly used in treating migraines. It plays a vital role in getting instant relief from a headache, pain or other symptoms of a migraine such as vomiting, nausea, sensitivity to light or sound. A prompt treatment through this medication helps to take you back to your normal routine and may also decrease the chances of taking other pain medications. Sumatriptan is a medication that belongs to triptans (a class of drugs). It affects on natural substance (called as serotonin) that causes narrowing of blood vessels in the brain. It helps to get instant pain relief by affecting certain nerves in the brain. Sumatriptan doesn’t claim to prevent future migraines or lessen the chances of getting migraine attacks.
How does Sumatriptan work?
Sumatriptan medication belongs to a class of drugs that are known as triptans. A class of drugs is a group of different medications that work uniquely. These drugs are often used in treating similar conditions.
A migraine that is also known as a cluster headache causes the blood vessels in the brain to expand. It also plays an integral part by causing a release of chemicals in the brain that can cause inflammation like swelling and irritation. Sumatriptan 100mg medication works effectively by helping to bring your blood vessels back to their normal routine and size. It also plays a vital role in preventing the release of these chemicals that can cause inflammation.
Side Effects of Sumatriptan
The common side effects of using this drug are given below. If any of these effects worsen, you are advised to visit your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Your doctor may have prescribed this medication to you because he may feel that the benefit of this medication is greater than the risk of its side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
- Weakness, drowsiness, or dizziness
- Feeling of Tingling/Numbness/Prickling/Heat
- High Blood Pressure
- Shortness Of Breath, Or Unusual Sweating
- Chest/Jaw/Neck Tightness, Pain or Pressure.
Some serious side effects
Get medical help as soon as possible if you develop some of the following symptoms:
- Fast/Irregular Heartbeat
- Loss of coordination
- Severe drowsiness or dizziness
- Severe Stomach or Abdominal Pain
- Severe vomiting/ nausea
- Bloody Diarrhea
- Twitching muscles
- Unexplained fever
- Trouble breathing
- Unusual restlessness
The above list is not a complete list of possible side effects. So, in case if you experience other effects that are not listed above, contact your health provider immediately. Do regular checkup of your blood pressure and tell your doctor if you get high levels. Any serious allergic reaction to this medication is rare. However, get instant medical help right away if you are experiencing any signs of a serious allergic reaction.
Sumatriptan is a type of medicine also called as ‘triptan’. Triptan is a group of painkillers that is specifically used to treat migraine attacks. No one knows the real cause of migraine attacks but is thought that it occurs due to changes in the levels of chemicals in the brain. Migraine headaches appear because of widening or swelling of blood vessels in the brain.
Sumatriptan works on blood vessels in the brain by making them narrow. It inhibits the action of the trigeminal nerve, which relieves a headache and other symptoms of a migraine that you may get, such as feeling sick or tired, sensitivity to light or sound etc. Sumatriptan tablets take about 30 minutes to work after taking a dose. The recommended dose of Sumatriptan for an adult is a single 50 mg tablet.
Sumatriptan doesn’t work to prevent migraines or cluster headaches. It only works once they have started. There’s no benefit in taking Sumatriptan medication during the aura phase of a migraine because it won’t help you to prevent a headache from developing.
How to take Sumatriptan?
Sumatriptan tablet comes in various forms such as a transdermal patch, a nasal spray, an injectable solution or a nasal powder. Your dosage and how often you should take the Sumatriptan depends on these factors:
The condition of a headache that is being treated
- Your age
- How severe your condition is
- Your reaction to the first dose
- Other medical conditions you have
You should keep these precautions in mind if your doctor or health provider has prescribed Sumatriptan oral tablet for you.
- You should avoid taking Sumatriptan if you have high blood pressure
- You can take this medication with or without food
- Do not crush or break Sumatriptan tablets
- Keep this drug away from direct light
- Avoid storing this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms
- Do regular checkup of your blood pressure and tell your doctor if you get high results
Any serious allergic reaction to this medication is rare. However, get instant medical help right away if you are experiencing any signs of a serious allergic reaction.
Important warnings you should keep in mind
Arrhythmias: Taking Sumatriptan can cause your heart rhythm fast, which can be dangerous. In such case, if you feel changes in your heart beats, stop taking this medication and contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Heart attack: Sumatriptan tablet may cause serious heart problems such as heart attack, chest pain, or cardiac arrest. If you’re experiencing any such heart problem or being at risk of heart disease, your doctor may suggest you take your first dose in their office so that they can monitor you.
Chest, throat, neck, or jaw pain: This medication can cause tightness, pressure or pain in your chest, throat, neck, or jaw. This feeling can be a sign of heart attack. In such condition, if you have this symptom, call your doctor immediately.
Anti-migraine medications or drugs are intended to use for the treatment of migraine headaches. There are many anti-migraine drugs available in the market, and nowadays anti-migraine drugs are available online also. These anti-migraine drugs are classified under N02 C, of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification system. There are various examples of Antimigraine drugs such as triptans and ergots etc.
What is a migraine?
A migraine is a disorder of the nervous system. It is characterized by attacks of recurrent headache, sickness, and photophobia (sensitivity to light), etc. A headache or pain usually occurs on one side of the head only. The pain caused by migraine attack can remain for many days. A migraine attack is so terrible that the affected person is not able to even wait for finding a quiet place to get rid of the disturbances in the head. Some people also suffer from episodic headaches that come and go.
Symptoms of migraine attack:
The Migraine attack symptoms varies and undergoes through various number of phases such as:
- Prodrome phase
It is the phase that occurs a day or two before an actual migraine attack. The person who suffers from migraine prodrome can notice a few restrained changes that denote the progress of a forthcoming strong migraine attack, here are a few things that you can put into notice while expecting a migraine attack:
- Depression Constipation
- Food cravings
- Uncontrollable yawning
- Neck stiffness etc.
It is the next stage known as Aura stage. This phase occurs just before or during migraine headaches. The person undergoing aura attack may feel face visual disturbances like flashes of light disturbing their vision, but while some others might meet some touch emotional disturbances. During an aura attack, the person may in whole suffer from sensory, movement or speech disorders. In most of the cases, people do not undergo any aura phase.
- The migraine attack:
This is the phase where people experience is the actual migraine attack. Most people feel the following symptoms during a migraine attack:
- Scorching/thumbing pain on either side of the head
- Pulsating Pain of throbbing quality
- Nausea and restlessness
- Sensitivity to various sensations like light, sound and smells
- Blurred vision/ other visual disturbances
- Dizziness or feeling of fainting
Migraine attacks ends with this final stage of a migraine. It occurs when a migraine ends and the sufferer is completely drained or washed out. There are many reports that suggest that many people who are frequent sufferers of migraine attack feel euphoric attacks also.
Types of Migraine attacks:
Apart from the different stages of a migraine, there are different kinds of migraine attacks:
- A migraine with aura: in such types of a migraine attacks the symptoms begin with character or the warning signs such as flashing lights
- A migraine without aura: in some people there is no aura phase, and hence no warning flashlights are observed in such people.
- Migraine aura but no headache: in some people migraine attacks do not involve the severe headache phase, but they can feel the other symptoms such as aura and other symptoms like nausea.
Anti migration drugs
What are the causes of a migraine?
Migraine headaches and attacks have no known definite reasons; only a few hypothetical causes are there. As the exact cause is not known, it is thought that migraine attacks are caused by:
- Disturbances in Hormonal Balance: In some women migraine attacks may be experienced during the menstrual cycle or before the onset of menstruation as a PMS
- (premenstrual symptom).
- Changes in the body due to some emotional triggers like stress, nervousness, and melancholy, etc.
- In a few cases, some food items may also trigger, too much intake of caffeinated drinks like coffee and tea, alcohol and chocolate consumption may also kick off migraine attacks
- Various cases of Migraine attacks occur when the person faces stress, sleepiness, thunderous noises, side-effects of a few medicines, etc.
the treatment approach of a migraine sufferer may include the following:
- preventative treatment meant to stop the attacks from occurring
- Acute treatment that is supposed to be done as soon as the attack occurs
- Rescue treatment is done to help the person when the acute treatment does not help a bit.
The migraine headache medication includes a group of medicines that are used to treat migraine attacks and hence these drugs is called cold migraine drugs. The standard prescription migraine medication list with their types are:
- Painkillers: such as ibuprofen and paracetamol to reduce a headache
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: they work better than the ordinary painkillers and reduce a severe headache or pain. Example: NSAIDs
- Anti-sickness/ anti-nausea medications
- Triptans: such as Sumatriptan
- Ergotamines and dihydroergotamine
Your headache can go worse to become a migraine. Believe it or not, there are some foods that could prove to be headache and migraine triggers. So, recognize those food items and discipline your food habit to avoid any such traumatic condition.
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Migraine is a common pain disorder that is characterized by attacks of headaches. They last between a few hours to a couple of days. These headaches can be severe enough to disrupt work and other daily activities.
Headache is an unbearable pain usually on one side of the head, which hampers daily activities and may last from hours to days, if left untreated. It has been reported that, an estimated 64–77% people of the world suffer from headaches at some point in their lives. More than 90% of headaches are primary headaches, including migraine and cluster headaches. Primary headaches are regarded as tension headaches and most people with tension headaches have “episodic” headaches that usually come and go.