Low vision rehabilitation helps you learn how to use adaptive equipment, make sufficient home modifications, and adjust activities to maximize your vision as well as independence. Healthcare specialists will offer resources while your therapy sessions to address:
Reading and writing
Lighting and contrast
Sewing and crafts
Low Vision and its Causes
Low vision is a severe condition that interferes with your daily activities, at the same time it’s also allowing some usable vision. There are different health conditions that can cause low vision, including:
Occupational therapy for people with low vision
People with low vision may have difficulty performing daily activities such as:
Low vision can decrease an individual’s functional ability and independence. To restore and maintain the functional abilities through specific interventions is a complex process that requires a collaboration of various health & eye care specialists. Occupational therapists are the important members of this multidisciplinary team. Occupational therapy in low vision rehabilitation increase performance of individuals for specific daily activities by training skills that depends on residual vision such as reading or writing. The team conducts an environmental assessment at home, school, or workplace to provide an environment for patients who are suffering from low vision.
Low vision rehabilitation occupational therapy offers various support programs to help people maintain the quality of life and allow people with low vision to enjoy the good things that life has offered. The aim of support program is to:
Support continued participation in leisure activities
Increase confidence in social communication
Increase confidence when participating in daily activities
Help with money management skills
Help improve overall quality of life and well-being
Enhance ability to use other senses to compensate for vision loss
Reduce risk of falls in the home, school, and workplace
Increase communication awareness
Occupational therapists assess your home environment, the activities you carry out. The therapist identifies your strength and weakness that prevent you from participating in daily activities. The therapy suggests various strategies and practices that help you use your other senses to compensate vision loss. These strategies may include falls prevention, use of assistive technology, etc.
People with vision loss have some usable vision, but their vision is not sufficient to perform daily activities. The role of occupational therapists is to enable these vision impaired patients to participate in productive activities.
Once you enter into low vision occupational rehabilitation therapy, physicians here will:
Evaluate your condition
Make you learn how to use adaptive equipment
Make you aware of techniques that compensate for low vision
Help you retain functional ability and return to independent living
Glaucoma refers to elements of eye issues that lead to harm to the optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. The disease is related to the increased intraocular pressure in which damage to the optic nerve can take away eye vision including blindness.
Causes of Glaucoma
The inside of the front of your eye is filled with a watery type’s fluid called the aqueous humor. This fluid in your eye creates intraocular pressure (IOP), which keeps it healthy and in the right shape. The aqueous humor is different from tears. In patients with glaucoma, the drainage system of the eye becomes blocked so the intraocular fluid cannot drain. The aqueous fluid builds up as a result of that causing to build pressure inside the eye. This high pressure harms eye nerve resulting in loss of vision and even blindness.
Types of Glaucoma
The main types of Glaucoma are given below:
Primary open angle glaucoma – Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It develops when the drainage system of the eye becomes blocked over time. IOP increases because the fluid cannot drain out of the eye. The kind of glaucoma occurs slowly and people who suffer from primary open-angle glaucoma do not notice any signs for many years. A majority of Glaucoma patients experience no symptoms and no early warning signs. If the problem is not treated at the right time, it can cause vision loss. The good news is that the problem usually responds to medication if it is caught at an early stage. Careprost eye drop is very effective in treating patients with Glaucoma.
Closed-angle glaucoma – It can also be called as acute glaucoma or narrow-angle It is very rare and different from open-angle glaucoma. In this type of glaucoma, damage to the eye nerve (optic nerve) happens very quickly due to a sudden increase in intraocular pressure.
Normal tension glaucoma – Normal tension glaucoma develops when IOP of less than 21mmHg still causes damage to the eye nerve. The type of glaucoma can also be called as low-tension glaucoma. It is believed to be associated with the poor blood flow to the optic nerve, which causes cell death (death of cells that carry impulses from the retina to the brain). The kind of glaucoma can be diagnosed by repeated examinations by eye specialists to find out the optic nerve damage or the vision loss.
Secondary glaucoma – Secondary eye glaucoma occurs as a result of other eye conditions such as an injury, tumor, and inflammation or in advanced cases of diabetes mellitus or cataract. The problem may also occur due to the use of certain medications such as steroids. The type of glaucoma may be mild or severe. The treatments depend on whether it is open or close angle glaucoma.
Congenital glaucoma – Congenital glaucoma is when a baby is born with glaucoma. It is a rare inherited type of open-angle If your baby is diagnosed with congenital glaucoma, then this means your baby’s drainage area is not properly developed before birth. This causes elevated pressure in the eye that can lead to vision loss from optic nerve damage and also to an enlarged eye. Early treatment with careprost drugs or surgery is critical in young children to preserve their sight.
Getting struck by red itching eyes is very irritating. The discomfort, redness, itchiness and constant tearing can get on your nerves. Above all, one of the common eye condition characterized by chronic inflammation of the eyelid, usually where the eyelashes grow, resulting in inflamed, itchy, irritated and reddened eyelids (known as Blepharitis), is highly contagious. Blepharitis patient can easily infect other family members. Usually, this eye condition goes away in 8 to 10 days time, but one can use tested medications to speed up the process of healing.
If you are wondering which eye drop will best treat Blepharitis, your choice must depend on what caused the condition in your case. Some eye drops work amazingly for people whose condition is caused due to allergic reactions, some will be good for viral conjunctivitis, while others are used for conditions caused by any bacterial infection. For instance, the antibiotic eye drops will be good for patients whose condition is caused by the bacteria and might not help if the cause is an allergic reaction.
The internet is filled with numerous medications and treatment, and it can be overwhelming to choose the right one. That is why we are bringing you one of the most effective eye drops for Blepharitis. You can use it in combination to get relief from the mucus, tears, inflammation, and redness.
Sulfacetamide Sodium Ophthalmic Solution
Sulfacetamide Sodium Ophthalmic Solution is one of the best treatments for swollen, or irritated eyes. Eye drops contain histamine, which helps to control itching and swelling, it should be used 4 times a day. If you are looking for a quick eye drops relief for Blepharitis, then it is the best eye drops for Blepharitis you can go for.
If you are suffering from Blepharitis, you might need Sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic eye solution or drops in addition to other medications that a doctor will prescribe to you. The sulfacetamide sodium ophthalmic eye drop is one of the common prescription antibiotics for Blepharitis or simply the best antibiotic Blepharitis treatment drops. It works by preventing the bacteria that cause the infection and irritation from growing and reproducing. This causes the infection to clear. The solution is an antibiotic eye drop that is prescribed for the treatment of Blepharitis. This medication comes in a 10 percent solution and is available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Sulfacetamide Sodium Ophthalmic solution belongs to the family of medicines known as sulfa antibiotics. It helps to stop the growth of bacteria and it is specifically designed for eyes.
This effective eye drop is also used to treat bacterial infections that cause conjunctivitis, trachoma, and corneal inflammation. The medication is used in time intervals of 3 to 4 hours throughout the day. The treatment can last from 8 to 10 days. Patients should follow their eye specialist’s instructions carefully to see the rapid improvement.
This Sulfacetamide medication is also available in ointment form. There can be some possible side effects associated with this product, such as stinging and eyes that redden.
Precautions or Warnings for Sulfacetamide Sodium Eye Drops
Before you start using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These following factors may affect how you should use this medication:
Allergy: Occasionally, sulfacetamide solution can cause allergic reactions. It is more likely to occur if you have previously had an allergic reaction to any sulfonamide medications. Stop using this medication at the first sign of an allergy (such as skin rash) and consult your doctor.
Overgrowth of organisms: Prolonged use of Sulfacetamide eye drops may result in overgrowth of organisms not killed by the medication, including fungi. Contact your eye specialist if eye symptoms worsen or new symptoms develop while using this medication.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be taken during pregnancy period unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Children: The effectiveness and safety of this medication have not been established for children less than 6 years old.
Do not use this medication if you are allergic to Sulfacetamide sodium, sulfonamide medications or any ingredients of this medication. Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have been experiencing the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful to people to take this medication if their eye specialist has not prescribed it.
Blepharitis is the most common cause of dry eyes. It is usually a non-contagious and common eye disorder that may be associated with bacterial infection or skin disorders such as rosacea or seborrhea. Blepharitis affects all ages and both sexes, it can result from:
Bacterial eyelid infection
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD)s
Parasites (Demodex eyelash mites)
Fungal eyelid infection
Risk factors may include:
Exposure to allergens
Dermatitis of the scalp and other body parts
Exposure to chemical or environmental irritants like smoke or smog
Hands that remain dirty for most of the day (such as during a work shift, or poor hygiene)
Many eye care professionals treat it as a serious condition; Blepharitis alone is not known to cause any permanent damage to eyesight. This condition inflames the lashes follicles along the edge of the eyelid by forming the dandruff particles on the eyelashes. The oil glands (also known as meibomian glands) run along the edges of the eyelids and when these meibomian glands become inflamed and irritated, the oil secretions thicken and do not flow properly. If the Blepharitis is severe, then the related problems affecting the cornea can threaten vision.
Blepharitis can be divided into two sub-types based on whether it affects the front (anterior) eyelid structures or the back (posterior) eyelid structures. Some people have posterior blepharitis or predominantly anterior, while some people have both.
Signs and Symptoms of Blepharitis
The presence of Blepharitis or eyelid inflammation can be identified by many symptoms. Some symptoms are severe than the normal one, and sometimes a person may not experience any of these symptoms at all. The most common symptoms of Blepharitis include:
Redness of the eyes or eyelids.
Crusting of the lashes or lids, especially when first awakening.
Complaints also include:
Sensations of burning or itching in the eyes
Blurring of vision
Loss of eyelashes
Gritty sensation when blinking
Excessive eye watering or tearing
Stickiness of the eyes
Oversensitivity to light (photophobia)
Intolerance to wearing contact lenses.
Blepharitis is not a sight-threatening problem, but it can result in decreased vision which can come and go.
Treatment Options for Blepharitis
Depending on which type of Blepharitis you have, there are a number of treatments available to treat this condition. Blepharitis cannot be cured, but the treatment is successful in managing symptoms.
Warm compress helps skin to soften and loosen oily plugs and crusts.
After a warm compress, the patient should then cleanse their eyelids and eyelashes with baby shampoo diluted with water, or a commercial eyelid cleanser. This is done by gently rubbing the margin of the eyelids.
Avoid rubbing too hard and rinse with lukewarm water when finished.
One should discontinue the use of contact lenses until symptoms improve. Also, avoid environmental irritants.
Some additional treatments include:
Antibiotic drops or lubricating ointments to relieve grittiness, burning, and dryness
Take supplements like omega-3 fatty acid, omega-3 helps in the proper function and regulation of the eyelid glands and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Always tell your eye doctor about any supplements you are taking. They may interact with other medications you take.
After your Blepharitis has been successfully treated, you can resume wearing your contact lenses if that’s your preference. If you are currently wearing reusable contact lenses, consider switching to daily disposable contacts or gas permeable contacts, it may have a lower risk of a Blepharitis-related problem.
Prevention of Blepharitis
Blepharitis typically is one of a very chronic type condition, meaning it can come back frequently and can be a recurring problem. Additional preventive measures that you can take to prevent Blepharitis include:
The best way to avoid Blepharitis or keep it from coming back is to keep the area around your eyes clean regularly with a warm compress and gentle lid hygiene
By treating skin disorders such as rosacea or seborrhea
Avoid using eyeliner on the back edges of eyelids behind the lashes
Removing all eye makeup before bedtime
Avoid dusty or smoky environments whenever possible
Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes even after washing your hands
Careprost is an eye drop used to lower the pressure within the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP) in the treatment of glaucoma, which is raised IOP caused by a buildup of fluid in the eye. If IOP is not treated on time, the disease can lead to complete blindness due to damage of optic nerve fibers in the brain. Careprost is also used to treat hypotrichosis to grow eyelashes. It increases the growth of adequate eyelashes by making them darker, thicker and longer. Eyelash hypotrichosis means having inadequate or not enough eyelashes.
Careprost is an ophthalmic solution which contains Bimatoprost, a synthetic analogue of the prostamide has distinct and specific actions in various tissues of the body, including potent ocular hypotensive pressure. The glaucoma is caused by a blockage of the drainage system for the eye fluid called aqueous humour, which is produced continuously to maintain normal eye pressure. The careprost helps in maintaining this flow of fluid and this reduces the intraocular pressure in the eye which reduces the risk of damage to the optic nerve and loss of sight that can happen if glaucoma is left untreated.
While in the case of hypotrichosis, it increases the brown pigmentation of the colored part of the eye which is likely permanent.
Side effects of Careprost
There are many side effects related to the use of Careprost and some common side effects are as follows-
Red congested eyes
Unwanted Growth of eyelashes
Sensitivity to light
Inflammation of the eye
Darkening of the iris
Consult your physician if you experience any of the symptoms and the symptoms persist for a long time.
For glaucoma: It is recommended to apply one drop in the affected eye daily in the evening.
For eyelash growth: Apply one drop on the both the eyelids daily with the help of an applicator.
Before applying the ophthalmic solution, make sure that your face is clean contact lenses and makeup are
Take out the applicator, hold it horizontally, and place one drop of the preparation on the applicator. Remember, do not place the drop on the tip of the applicator.
Using the applicator, draw a line at the base of the upper eyelashes going from the inner part of the outer part of your lash.
Clean the excess solution with a tissue.
Repeat the same procedure for opposite eyelid using a new sterile applicator.
It is not meant to apply to the lower lid. You need to read the leaflet (comes along with the solution) carefully for complete application instructions.
It is important to remove contact lenses before applying Bimatoprost solution. The contact lenses can be worn 15 minutes after application.
Hai growth may occur if the solution touches other areas of your skin. Therefore, it is important to use it carefully with the applicator.
Do not touch the tip of the bottle or the applicator. You must do this to avoid contamination by common bacteria that cause infections.
Macular degeneration is also called age related macular degeneration (AMD), it is found to be the leading cause of vision loss in America. It’s been known that millions of Americans shows sign of this disorder. If you are younger than 55, then there are less chances to develop AMD but on the other hand if you are 65 or over then macular degeneration would already affect your central vision (vision needed for woks like reading or sewing). Macula is a tiny circle located in the middle of the retina, a light sensitive membrane lining the inside of back of the eye. In older people it begins to deteriorate or sometimes degenerate without any reason.
Women are at higher risk to develop AMD than men and the problem leaves totally unable to see. Doctors usually are not sure that what exactly causes a macular degeneration but there are certain risk factors for the same which includes: family history, cigarette smoking and high fat diet.
There are two types of macular degeneration
Dry macular degeneration– In this type of macular degeneration, 90% of cases fall under this category. The tissue of the retina shrinks and the pigments gets accumulated inside it, whereas dry macular degeneration may progress to the wet form
Wet macular degeneration– This is second type of AMD in which the new blood vessels grow around and somewhere behind the macula. Sometimes bleeding could also be seen in or behind the macula. Exudates are the material that settles into macula. Gradually exudates start disappearing but it leaves a scar. 10% of the cases fall under this category and wet macular degeneration only occurs when a person already had dry macular degeneration.
Symptoms of macular degeneration
Macular degeneration develops gradually. It is a painless condition or disease so sometimes its early symptoms could be mistaken for normal age related changes in vision. As per Mayo clinic, some of the symptoms of AMD are given below:
Objects start appearing small or far off
Difficulty increases to adapt to low light levels
Decreasing colour intensity and brightness
Difficulty in recognising faces
Doorways seeming crooked
Increasing vision haziness
Blur or blind spots in central vision
If any of the symptoms occur, it is recommended that one must visit an eye specialist or ophthalmologist immediately.
Ophthalmologist would examine you and do an eye exam to know about macular degeneration from the description of symptoms. An eye test would involve examining the retina visually. He would first look in to the eye and then put some eye drops for dilating the pupils. Occurrence of tiny yellow flecks known as drusen is a sign of AMD. In few cases drusen occurs without AMD, whereas if one increase amounts of this material then it will foretell problems to come. AMD can be detected with a test named as an Amsler grid which a poster showing vertical and horizontal lines and there is a dot in the centre.
Macular degeneration treatment
If a person has advanced or severe dry macular degeneration, then there is no treatment to cure the disease or to restore vision. If the case is of early AMD and person do not even smoke, then there are some combinations of vitamins, antioxidants and minerals that could largely help to prevent the disease from worsening. The combination has been named as AREDS formula and the supplements are:
500 milligrams of vitamin C
400 international units of beta-carotene
80 milligrams of zinc
2 milligrams of copper
These supplements are to be taken only after doctor’s recommendation. Smokers should avoid these pills. Lutein and zeaxanthin are some other supplements which could be helpful but are not part of AREDS formula. In case of wet macular degeneration, the doctor would prescribe
Laser therapy in which a small beam of light would destroy the leaking and some abnormal blood vessels.
In photodynamic therapy, what happens is a light activate a drug which gets injected into the body and destroys leaking blood vessels.
There are some special medicines which are designed to prevent new blood vessels from forming in the eye.
Always take care of your eyes and follow preventive measures to prevent future eye problems. In case of dry macular degeneration, always visit your eye specialist once in a year and get complete eye exam. Whereas for wet macular degeneration, frequent and monthly doctor visits are required.
Finding even a slight change in the vision should be immediately treated because the sooner you get treatment, the better is the outcome. In order to reduce the risk of getting macular degeneration, keep exercising, quit smoking, follow healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight. In this way you could help yourself getting a perfect vision forever.
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