Flomist Nasal Spray Use, Dosage, Side Effects

10 Mar
2017
By Marie

Flomist-Nasal-Spray

Fluticasone Propionate is the active substance present in the Flomist Nasal Spray. It belongs to a group of medicines known as corticosteroids, which are used to control the symptoms of allergic/non-allergic rhinitis. This spray is used for some seasonal allergies with symptoms like Runny nose, itching, nasal stuffiness, watery eyes, redness and sneezing. This nasal spray is also prescribed for people over two years of age.

The mode of action of drug:

Flomist drug containing fluticasone propionate works by acting as an anti-inflammatory agent. It is potent of producing a high anti-inflammatory response. Fluticasone works on various cells and mediators to lower the allergy caused by allergic rhinitis.

Strengths: The  fluticasone drug propionate is available in a single strength under the brands names like:

Dosage: The dosage of the drug varies very much with age and condition of the patient. The drug is is administered through the nasal passage in the form of a spray. The general dosage of the drug is as follows:

  • For children between age group of 4-11 years:

The general dosage is one spray in each nose once in a day or severe cases the spray might be increased to 2 times in each nose. However, the maximum number of sprays in each nose must not exceed more than four times.

The nasal spray is not safe for children under four years of age.

  • For patients above 12 years: The general dosage is two sprays in each nostril once in a day. The spray must be done preferably in the morning. The dose must never increase a total of 8 sprays in a day.

Side effects: If you notice an of the following side effects while using the nasal spray, then stop it immediately and contact your doctor as soon as possible.

  • Redness
  • Irritation of the tongue
  • Irritation in nose
  • Dryness in the nose
  • Nasal ulceration
  • Increased heart beat
  • Bleeding in the nose etc.
  • Although these symptoms are very rare, still you must see your doctor immediately in case you feel any of the above.

Precautions

  • Change the bottle within 30 days of opening it
  • Never bring the medicine close your mouth or eyes
  • Always store the medicine in its upright position
  • Do not share the medicine with anyone
  • If using the drug after a gap of 4-5 days then spray the medicine into air first before using it on yourself

 

Asthma Symptoms, Drugs & Treatment

01 Mar
2017
By Marie

Asthma Symptoms, Drugs & Treatment

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of lungs. It is a chronic inflammatory disease that is commonly found in people all over the world. Asthma affects not only the adults, but it can be found in the young children also. Asthma impacts usually start in the childhood. Asthma has no cure.

You cannot completely get over this disease, but you can surely control the symptoms. If you have asthma, even if you do not feel the symptoms, you need to be careful every time as an asthma attack can flare up anytime.

Asthma patients have swollen inner walls of the airways. As a result, they are very sensitive to the allergens or the things that are irritation causing.

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma:

The symptoms includes the following:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Breathless/wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Excessive sputum production from the lung that is often very hard to bring it up

Symptoms and their intensity vary day and night. The patients often complain of the symptoms becoming very intense as the temperature gets down in the evening or early morning. The condition often worsens after an exercise that is very strenuous.

If you have the above symptoms, it can be asthma, but it is not sure until you go for a thorough check up. Many another disease may also produce the same symptoms. An asthma attack can be dangerous if it is sudden, in many cases, it can become fatal also.

Asthma Medications List 

What are the risk factors for asthma?

There are many risk factors for asthma; that may range from genetic reasons to environmental disturbances. Here are the triggers that can initiate an asthma attack:

  1. Allergens: the common allergens include:
  • Animal dander that may be in the form of the skin, hair, or feathers of animals
  • Dust mites
  • Cockroaches remains/wastes
  • Pollen grains from plants, trees and grasses
  • Molds and other fungal spores
  1. Irritants: the familiar irritation causing factors are:
  • Change in temperature
  • Too much of exercise
  • Cold weather
  • Strong odour
  • Pollen grains
  • Pet fur
  • Smoke from cigarettes
  • Too much of stress and emotional outburst
  1. Other factors:

Some other factors that may cause the asthma outburst are, pollutants, gastric reflux problems, infection, food additives, and some side effects of medicines like aspirin and beta blockers.

Types of asthma:

Asthma can be of different types, and you need to be aware of those various kinds of asthma so that you can get medical assistance as soon as you experience a breathing problem.

  1. Allergic asthma: if your allergies are making you a cough, wheeze, and sneeze
  2. Cough variant asthma: if you have a frequent cough, get checked up
  3. Work-related asthma is a type of asthma also known as occupational asthma
  4. Nocturnal asthma: if you experience frequent outburst of asthma at night

What is the method of Diagnosis of asthma?

The diagnosis of asthma need not to include any precise tests. The doctor may just analyse the prolonged symptoms of asthma and the different medical conditions associated with asthma. Then the doctor may conclude that the indications are associated with the occurrence of the disease.

In some cases the doctor may advise taking a few test and observations to confirm the presence of illness like:

  • Medical history test: the doctor may be asking a few queries about the family history of the patient related to allergies and asthma. Th patients with close relatives having asthma, especially from the maternal side have more chances to get it. The doctor may also check the medicines that the person may have used for breathing problems. He may also ask about the period of the happening of the disease. He may inquire about the frequency of occurrence of coughs and colds.
  • Tests: the doctor may check for allergies, breathing problems, sinus disease and GERD. He may recommend going for tests like X-ray, ECG for the purpose of diagnosis.

 Treatment of asthma:

It is very necessary to manage asthma, as there is no permanent cure for it.  But asthma symptoms could vary, and you have to take care of the symptoms by taking the proper safety measures, lifestyle changes and the recommended medications. Ask your doctor to give you a complete list of asthma medication, its dosage and price, etc.

The treatment list of asthma has two main classes:

  1. Quick relief to treat acute conditions
  • Beta –adrenoceptor agonists, e.g.,.Salbutamol
  • Anticholinergic medication e.g.,. Ipratropium bromide
  • Adrenergic agonists e.g.,. Epinephrine
  1. Long-term control medicines
  • Corticosteroids e.g Beclomethasone
  • Beta –adrenoceptor agonist e.g Salmeterol
  • Leukotriene antagonists e.g Montelukast
  • Mast cell stabilizers e.g cromolyn sodium

The review of the asthma medications also suggests the delivery via different delivery methods. The particular two types of inhalers are used for the treatment and delivery:

  • Mastered Dose Inhalers (MDI)
  • Dry Powder Inhaler (DPI)

Another kind of inhaler known as breath actuated asthma inhaler is also available in the market. It is a type of MDI, but the person needs to breathe in with enormous force to trigger the medication.

What is Asthma

13 Sep
2016
By Marie

Asthma disease

Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory syndrome in which there is difficulty in the airflow passage that ultimately leads to breathlessness and choking. Tremendous rise in disease have occurred over the past few decades effecting 300 million people worldwide and its prevalence is increasing day by day. About 20 million of the U.S population is suffering from Asthma.

Signs & Symptoms

There are heterogeneous signs and symptoms of ashtma such as recurrent cough, wheezing, chest tightness, difficulty in breathing especially during night and may get worsen with change in season

Asthma  Causes 

The complete reason of asthma is still unknown but there are some influential factors which elicits the condition such as genetic factor , gender, various allergens such as pollens, bacterial endotoxins present in house dust mites, cockroaches and molds, tobacco smoke, respiratory infections and chemical irritants . Aspirin and other drugs interaction ,change in season , emotional and physical exercise also triggers the condition.

Preventive measures

There are few steps which can prevent disease such as

  • Taking medicines timely
  • Monitor its signs and symptoms
  • Stay away from allergens such as pollens, smoke and other factors.
  • Physical activity like swimming expands lung volume and improves general fitness
  • Always stay hydrated , drink a lot of coconut water
  • Follow up with your physician after 3 months
  • Take natural supplements like Vitamin C, Omega fatty acids and dry grapes as they fortifies breathing

Treatment

This  is incurable so the sole purpose of the treatment is to gain hold over the clinical symptoms of the disease. There are long term medicines such as corticosteroids, long term beta agonist, leukotrienes which prevents disease symptoms. On other side Quick relief drugs such as Albuterol, levabuterol short acting beta agonist can be considered as life saving or emergency drug as it provides rapid relief and is generally available in the form of inhalers or nebulizers. This therapeutic regimen reduces the signs and symptoms, and decreases the incidence of death ,therefore improves the quality of life.

Myths & Facts

Myth: People with asthma cannot play sports

Fact :No, people can play sports by keeping good control over their asthma. Activities like swimming and slow warm up and cool down periods with exercise helps them to control  work out induced asthmatic conditions.

Myth:Asthma symptoms are the same for everyone.

Fact: No, It  differs from person to person. One may encounter chest tightness while someone else may only cough. So one should analyse the symptoms and take the preventive measures accordingly.

Cancer is a condition in which there is uncontrolled division of cells.  Cells keep on multiplying to form tumors which further interfere with normal functioning of body. There are two types of tumors one is benign which lacks the power of penetration and other one is malignant which spreads to other parts of body and destroys other healthy tissues.

Signs and symptoms

Typical symptoms are unusual bleeding or discharge, formation of unusual lumps, nagging cough, indigestion, and persistent headache. A person may feel chronic pain in bones, consistent fatigue, nausea, unexplained body loss

Causes

There is no exact underlying cause of the disease. There are 200 types of Cancer each of them is having specific root cause. There are certain factors which increase the person’s susceptibility towards the disease.

Cancer is a condition in which there is uncontrolled division of cells.  Cells keep on multiplying to form tumors which further interfere with normal functioning of body. There are two types of tumors one is benign which lacks the power of penetration and other one is malignant which spreads to other parts of body and destroys other healthy tissues.

Signs and symptoms

Typical symptoms are unusual bleeding or discharge, formation of unusual lumps, nagging cough, indigestion, and persistent headache. A person may feel chronic pain in bones, consistent fatigue, nausea, unexplained body loss

Causes

There is no exact underlying cause of the disease. There are 200 types of Cancer each of them is having specific root cause. There are certain factors which increase the person’s susceptibility towards the disease.

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2015
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2015
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2015
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