Lifestyle changes are important to improve your cholesterol level. To bring your numbers down, lose excess weight, eat healthy foods and increase your physical activity. If you smoke, stop smoking.
Eat heart-healthy foods
What you eat has a straight impact on your cholesterol level.
Choose healthier fats –Saturated fat and trans fat elevate your total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. The most widespread sources of saturated fat in the diet are processed meat, red meat, and dairy products that are not fat-free. Monounsaturated fat — found in canola and olive and oils — is a healthier option. Almond, pecans, Avocados, and walnuts are other sources of healthy fat.
Avoid trans fats –Trans fats, which are often found in margarines and commercially snack cakes, crackers and baked cookies, are particularly bad for your cholesterol levels. Not just trans fats raise your total LDL (“bad cholesterol”), but they also lower your HDL (“good cholesterol”).
Select whole grains –Various nutrients found in whole grains support heart health. Choose whole-grain pasta, whole-wheat bread, whole-wheat flour and brown rice. Oat bran and oatmeal are other healthy choices.
Stock up on fruits and vegetables –Fruits and vegetables are loaded in dietary fibers, which can help lower cholesterol. Snack on seasonal fruits. Experiment with vegetable-based casseroles, soups and stir-fries.
Eat heart-healthy fish –Some types of fish — such as tuna, cod and halibut — have less total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than do meat and poultry. Mackerel, salmon and herring are loaded in omega-3 fatty acids, which help in support of heart health.
Lose extra pounds
Excess weight contributes to elevated cholesterol. Losing 5 to 10 pounds can help lower entire cholesterol levels initially. Start by taking a direct look at your eating habits and daily routine. Consider your challenges to weight loss — and ways to overcome them. Set long-term, sustainable goals.
Normal exercise can help improve your cholesterol levels. Do up to 20 to 60 minutes of exercise every day. Take a quick daily walk. Ride your bicycle. Swim laps. To maintain your motivation, keep it fun. Some exercise is much better than no exercise.
If you smoke, stop. Cigarette smoking enhances the risk of heart disease, lung cancer because it damages your blood vessels and speeds up the accumulation of plaque within arteries.
The similar heart-healthy way of life changes that can lower your cholesterol can help prevent you from having high cholesterol in the initial place. To control high cholesterol, you can:
Eat a low-salt diet that includes lots of vegetable, fruit and whole grains
Limit the amount of animal fats and use high-quality of fats in moderation
drop extra pounds of excessive weight and maintain a healthy weight
Quit smoking. Do not smoke
Exercise on most days of the week for at least 20 minutes
If you are an alcoholic Drink alcohol in moderation.
The control of high blood pressure involves 2 major options, modification in everyday life and medication.
Lifestyle Modifications to deal with High Blood Pressure
Plan for a healthy weight range for your height and body type. Your health care specialist can help out you to calculate a healthy target weight.
Even a minute amount of weight loss can make a most important difference in lowering or preventing high blood pressure.
You must burn extra calories than you take in to lose weight.
Crash or fad diets are not helpful and may be dangerous.
Some weight loss medications also carry foremost risks and may even raise blood pressure, and great concern is advised in using these drugs. Please enquire your health care specialist or pharmacist for help in deciding if a weight loss medication is suitable for your situation or not.
Exercise or Increase Physical Activity:
Physical activity reduces full amount of cholesterol and bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and raises the good cholesterol (high density lipoprotein).
Do 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week.
Physical activity includes many daily activities such as raking the lawn cleaning the house, and walking. Other likely sources of activity can include using the stairs instead of an escalator or elevator, walking for everyday jobs instead of driving a car, and participating in a sport or social activity such dancing.
You can also reduce high blood pressure with normal home remedies:
Lemon helps to maintain blood vessels soft and flexible and by removing any inflexibility, high blood pressure will be reduced. In addition, you can help lower your chance of heart failure by consuming lemon juice on a regular basis, due to its vitamin C content. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps to deactivate the destructive effects of free radicals. Basically, drink a cup of warm water with the juice from half a lemon added to it each morning on an empty stomach. For best result, do not add salt or sugar.
2. Watermelon Seeds
Watermelon seeds full of a compound known as cucurbocitrin, which helps diluting the blood capillaries. At the same time, it also helps recover in kidney’s functioning. This in turn reduces blood pressure levels and also helps a lot with arthritis. Watermelon can help lower blood pressure due to its vasodilatory effect.
Grind equal quantities of dried watermelon seeds and poppy seeds. Take 1 teaspoon of this mixture in the morning on an empty stomach and once more in the evening.
Quite a lot of studies have established blood pressure lowering effects of garlic. Both uncooked and cooked garlic help control high blood pressure and at the same time decrease cholesterol levels. Garlic helps relax blood vessels by exciting the production of nitric oxide and hydrogen sulphide.
Eat one or two crushed garlic cloves daily. You can basically crush them with your own hands. Crushing garlic cloves creates hydrogen sulphide, a compound that promotes high-quality blood flow, removes gas and reduces the pressure on the heart. If you do not like eating uncooked garlic or if it causes a very strong burning sensation, then take it along with a glass of milk.
4. Coconut Water
People with high blood pressure must keep their self well hydrated. It is an excellent idea to drink eight to 10 glasses of water daily. Coconut water is particularly useful for lowering blood pressure. Coconut water, being rich in potassium, magnesium and vitamin C can help reduce systolic blood pressure. Also with coconut water, you can also use coconut oil when cooking.
When it comes to taking a treatment to the eyes, their sensitive nature becomes a big concern for us quite naturally. Eye vision is like the soul of life and we cannot afford to lose it in early age. So, what are you doing to improve the health of your eyes and maintain a good vision? Taking the help of eye care home remedies not only proves to be effective but also easy to perform at no cost at all.
Your eye care is in your hand:
Some common eye problems like watery eyes, redness, itching, and blurry vision can be sufficiently treated using home or natural remedies. People often complain about weak eyesight associated with nearsightedness or farsightedness due to excessive strain. Ophthalmologists find that this eye problem can be treated to a good extent by changing the lifestyle and food habit. Have a look at some of the most followed home remedies that can help you maintain good eye vision and improve eye health.
Eye exercises help to make eye muscles more flexible and strong around the eyeballs. These exercises are very easy to perform as well.
The first exercise is eyeball rotating in which you have to roll your eyeballs in the clockwise direction for the few seconds and then roll them counter-clockwise for few seconds. Repeat this exercise 4-5 times a day. The second exercise is eyelid fluttering in which you have to blink your eyes 20-30 times rapidly and repeatedly. And the third exercise is length focus that requires you to hold a pencil at arm’s length and focus on its top point. Slowly bring it closer to your nose and then move it farther from your vision until you find it difficult to focus on it. These eye exercises are very helpful to improve your capability to focus and concentrate on a good eye vision.
Help eyes with sunning and palming:
Sunning and palming are very much beneficial for your eyes to reactivate and improvise eye lens. Sunning helps in healing eyestrain while palming promotes relaxation. These are very powerful eye care home remedies that you can consider on the daily basis.
For sunning, you just have to stand with closed eyes and allow the sunshine directly on your eyelids for a moment. For palming, warm your palms by rubbing together and then gently cup your palms over the closed eyes. Do this for 4-5 times and then feel the comfort in your eyes.
Diet to take care of your eyes:
Diet is one of the most important factors for eye care. The regular intake of the healthy diet can improve your eyes’ health as well. You should include a variety of green vegetables, dry fruits, carrot, amla, juicy and citrus fruits in your diet that not only have the healing properties to the eyes but also keep them healthy for a long time. Emphasize more and more on vitamin and mineral-rich food products for a good eye care.
Take quality rest for eye’s health:
Incomplete rest can increase eyestrain and pose a risk for various other eye problems like blurry vision and pink eye. Our body needs rest to perform well. When you feel fatigue in your eyes, take a short break, and take full sleep to maintain a good vision. Giving quality rest to your eyes is one of the highly desired eye care home remedies that you cannot ignore. So, you have to rest well to see well and live well.
Plavix (Clopidogrel bisulphate) is an anticoagulant drug. It helps in preventing platelets from sticking together and forming a blood clot. Blood clot can be formed in the heart, blood vessels and various other parts of the body. Blood clots are unwanted and dangerous and can lead to death.
Plavix 75mg is used for many purposes. It is used to prevent the formation of blood clots after a recent heart attack or stroke and prevent with cardiovascular disorders.
Plavix keeps the blood from coagulating so as to prevent the formation of unwanted blood clots that can occur in the heart or blood vessels and pose a threat. When you take Plavix, it’s usual that you bleed; this is because of the anti-coagulant action of this drug.
Plavix can be used in the treatment of chest pain due to heart problems, poor circulation in legs in peripheral arterial disease, heart attack or stroke. It can be used alone or in combination with aspirin after a current episode of heart attack or stroke.
There are certain genetic factors in the body that have an impact on how the body breaks Plavix 75mg. Your doctor will examine and test your certain genetic conditions and then he can see that whether Plavix 75mg is suitable and safe for you to use or not. You should always take Plavix on a doctor’s prescription.
Be careful while taking Plavix when you are already taking some prescribed or un-prescribed medicines, as this can result in bad drug interactions. Your doctor will adjust your treatment plan according to the other medications you may be taking. Certain drugs which lower acid levels in your stomach like, omeprazole, esomeprazole, Nexium etc. can have interactions with Plavix.
You should not use Plavix mg if you suffer from active or heavy bleeding like in case of: stomach ulcers or bleeding in the brain which can be due to head injury. Do not use Plavix is you are allergic to Clopidogrel or other constituents of the drug, Plavix. If you are pregnant or planning to become then don’t use Plavix as this is could be harmful for your baby. If you need to undergo a surgery or dental treatment, inform your surgeon or dentist that you take Plavix.
What are the possible side effects of Plavix?
Plavix can lead to serious side-effects. Look for medical help if you have any of the following symptoms:
Eye disorders: eye haemorrhage, haemorrhage from the conjunctiva of the eye, retinal haemorrhage.
Skin problems: eczema, itching, rash, acute Pustular eruptions on skin, allergic reactions caused by a drug, allergic reactions causing serum sickness, discoloured spots and small elevations of the skin, Erythema multiforme, bleeding from wound, inflammation of the skin with blisters, life threatening allergic reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, bruise, redness of skin, skin disease characterized by swollen itching lesions.
Disorders of the respiratory system: nosebleed, bleeding from the respiratory tract, bronchospasm, interstitial pneumonitis, pneumonia with high amount of eosinophil white blood cells.
Liver disorders: abnormal liver function tests, acute liver failure, hepatitis.
Kidney diseases including bloody urine
Pancreas disorders: pancreatitis
Disorders of the GIT tract: taste problems, painful, red or swollen mouth, bleeding of the stomach or intestines, bleeding in the abdomen, inflammation of the large intestine, stomach ulcer, ulcer of the duodenum, diarrhoea.
Disorders of the central nervous system: headache, confusion, hallucination, haemorrhage within the skull, low blood counts due to bone marrow failure.
Diseases of blood and blood vessels: acquired disease of all cells in the blood, acquired haemophilia, haemorrhage, decreased blood platelets, deficiency of granulocytes (a type of red blood cell) and increased eosinophils in the blood, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and collection of clotted blood in an organ, space or tissue.
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) – TTP is a blood clotting problem. TTP can occur within 2 weeks of consumption of Plavix 75mg. There is formation of blood clots in the blood vessels and can happen anywhere else in the body too. TTP is a very serious disease and needs immediate treatment as it can causes death.
What is the most important information I should know about Plavix?
Plavix may not be completely effective for people who:
have certain genetic conditions which have an impact on the breakdown of Plavix inside the body.
Your doctor may check you for such genetic conditions to make sure that Plavix is right for you.
who take certain medicines like stomach acid reducers, NSAIDS (Non-Steroidal Non-Inflammatory Drugs), anti-depressants etc.
Your doctor may change your treatment plan to make sure that Plavix, when used in presence of other medicines, does not result into drug reaction.
Plavix can result into severe bleeding which can be fatal. Plavix lowers the chances of blood clot formation as it is a blood thinner. While using Plavix , you may bruise and bleed more easily, it will take longer than normal for bleeding to cease and you are more likely to suffer from nosebleed.
Call your doctor for help if you notice any of these signs while taking Plavix:
red or black stools (like tar)
unexpected bleeding or bleeding that lasts longer than usual
an unexplained occurrence of bruises
a cough up blood or blood lumps
bloody vomit or your vomit looks like coffee grounds
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before I take Plavix?
Before you start your treatment with Plavix, make sure you tell your doctor if you:
had or have a stomach ulcer
had or have bleeding problems
plan to undergo a surgery or dental treatment
are pregnant or planning pregnancy
are breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed. Although it’s not clear whether Plavix passes into breast milk, you should not take Plavix and breastfeed together without talking to your doctor.
Have had an allergy to any of the medicines taken earlier to treat the disease.
If you are planning to undergo a surgery or dental work, inform your surgeon or dentist that you take Plavix. They should talk to the doctor who has prescribed Plavix for you before you have the surgery or any invasive procedure.
Tell your doctor about all the vitamins, prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs and herbal drugs that you take.
How should I take Clopidogrel Plavix?
Plavix is a prescription drug. It should only be taken on prescription and as per the instructions are given by a doctor.
Talk to your doctor before changing your dose or stop the intake of Plavix. Stopping of Plavix suddenly may increase your risk of getting a heart attack or stroke.
Plavix should be taken in combination with aspirin, only when recommended by your doctor.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it’s almost time for the next one. Take the next dose on scheduled time only. Do not take 2 doses of Plavix at the same time until told by your doctor to do so.
If by mistake you take more doses of Plavix, then rush to your doctor for diagnosis.
If you have to undergo a surgery or plan to have one, talk to your doctor about stopping Plavix. Your doctor should ask you to stop Plavix few days before the surgery so as to prevent too much bleeding while surgery.
What should I avoid while taking Plavix?
While taking Plavix, you should take care of your activities. You should avoid activities which increase your risk of getting a cut, bruise or any other sort of injury. Plavix is a blood thinner and it’s action is irreversible. It may cause excessive bleeding and delayed healing.
Take extra care while shaving or brushing your teeth to prevent bleeding.
Avoid drinking alcohol as alcohol increases your risk of bleeding in stomach or intestines.
What other drugs will affect Plavix?
Many other medications can increase your risk of bleeding. Talk to your doctor if you take aspirin, especially if you had a heart attack or stroke. Check with your doctor whether it is beneficial to take aspirin in combination with Clopidogrel. Ask your doctor before taking other medicines like stomach acid reducers, anti-depressants, NSAIDS (Non-Steroidal Non-Inflammatory Drugs), etc if you are taking Plavix or plan to take.
Inform your doctor about all the other medications that you take to prevent clotting of blood. These may include:
tirofiban, abciximab, eptifibatide;
warfarin, heparin, coumadin;
enoxaparin, tinzaparin, dalteparin;
urokinase or abbokinase.
Inform your doctor about all the medications which you have started or stopped taking while taking Clopidogrel, especially:
Central Nervous System stimulants like, modafinil, Armodafinil;
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors like fluoxetine, fluvoxamine;
cancer medications like, letrozole, tositumomab, dasatinib, or ibritumomab;
antifungal medications like voriconazole, ketoconazole, Fluconazole;
HIV medications like, etravirine, tipranavir, delavirdine, efavirenz;
Seizure medications like Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) or feblamate (Felbatol).
Make sure you tell your doctor about all the medications you take including prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, vitamins, herbal supplements etc. you can buy Plavix 75online at low price from buyviagrasofttabs.info.
Crestor is a Hypolipidemic drug that belongs to the class of medications known as Statins and HMG-CoA inhibitors. Crestor is a generic drug rosuvastatin and is an ideal drug for lowering of cholesterol and thus preventing heart attack. Crestor is the fifth highest selling medicine in U.S.A.
Cardiovascular disease is the most widespread health problem causing mortality. Cardiovascular problems arise due to an increase in cholesterol levels or Dyslipidemia.
Typically, there is an increase in bad cholesterol levels, i.e., LDL (Low density lipoprotein) and decrease in good cholesterol HDL (High density lipoprotein) levels along with high triglyceride levels. This all leads to plaque formation as there is an excessive accumulation of fat in arteries that hinders the normal blood flow and causes cardiovascular problems.
How high cholesterol levels causes heart attack?
Heart attack is a very deadly disease that affects lives of people all over the world. The major reason behind heart attack is high levels of bad cholesterol. Heart attack is a kind of an acute, sudden and critical condition that arises due to the building up of plaque like structures in arteries carrying blood. Increased LDL levels and decreased HDL levels causes deposition of fat rich plaques in the arteries. All this leads to clot formation that decreases the blood and oxygen supply to the heart and results in a heart attack.
How does Crestor work?
Crestor is widely accepted as it has shown excellent patient compliance. This drug is also given post heart attack as it prevents future clogging of the heart. Hypolipidemic drugs like Crestor really helps to lower the bad cholesterol levels in the body and increases the HDL levels.Crestor 20mg works by following two mechanisms:
The cholesterol production by the liver is reduced as Crestor inhibits the enzymes necessary for the working of liver
Crestor also increases the uptake and metabolism of the cholesterol already present in the blood
Who cannot take this drug?
This drug might not be suitable for all people. Hence you should tell your doctor about any medical conditions you might have gone through or are going so that the doctor may decide whether to give this drug to you or not. Pregnant or nursing women, people over the age of 70 years, people who have galactose intolerance or those having or have had very high blood pressure are not advised to take this drug. People having diabetes, kidney problems or hyperthyroidism should not take this drug.
Even during the course of using the drug, it may become unsuitable for some; in such a case one should immediately inform the prescriber of the drug as soon as possible.
General information about your medicine:
Crestor comes in various preparations like 5mg, 10mg, 20mg and 40 mg etc.
The lowest and most recommended dose is 5 mg and the maximum is 40 mg.
Crestor 10 mg can be taken at any time of the day, with or without food.
Crestor controls the hypertension but it doesn’t treat the root cause.
Take the list of all the drugs that are needed to be avoided while using Crestor.
One should avoid taking alcohol completely while using Crestor.
High blood pressure is a widespread disease in which blood flows from beginning to end in the blood vessels (arteries) at the higher pressure than normal pressures.
Measuring Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the power of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart push’s blood. High blood pressure, is known as hypertension, happens when this force is too elevated. Health care workers check blood pressure readings the same way for adult, teen, children. They use a gauge, electronic sensor or stethoscope, and a blood pressure cuff. With this equipment, they measure:
Systolic Pressure: Blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood
Diastolic Pressure: Blood pressure when the heart is at relax mode between beats
Health care workers write blood pressure numbers with the systolic number above the diastolic number. For example:-
People read “118 over 76”
milli meters of mercury.
Normal Blood Pressure: Normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg. It is common for blood pressures to fluctuate when you wake up, sleep, or are nervous or exited. When you are energetic, it is normal for your blood pressure to amplify. However, once the activity stops, your blood pressure get back to your standard baseline range.
Blood pressure on average rises with age and body size. Newborn infants often have exceptionally low blood pressure range, that taken as normal for babies, while grown-up teens have numbers similar to adults.
Abnormal Blood Pressure
Abnormal elevation in blood pressure is defined as having blood pressures higher than 120/80 mmHg. The subsequent table below outlines and defines high blood pressure severity levels.
Stages of High Blood Pressure in Adults
High blood pressure Stage 1
High blood pressure Stage 2
160 or higher
100 or higher
The ranges in the chart are blood pressure guides for adults who do not have any short-term severe illnesses. People with diabetes or chronic kidney disease should keep their blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg.
Although blood pressure increases seen in pre-hypertension are fewer than those used to diagnose high blood pressure, pre-hypertension can develop to high blood pressure and should be taken critically. Time after time high blood pressure weakens and damages your blood vessels, which can lead to tricky situation.
Types of High Blood Pressure
There are 2 main types of high blood pressure: First is primary high blood pressure and second is secondary high blood pressure.
Primary High Blood Pressure
Primary, or necessary, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. This category of high blood pressure tends to extend over years as someone ages.
Secondary High Blood Pressure
Secondary high blood pressure is caused by an additional medical condition or use of certain medicines. This type usually resolves after the cause is treated or isolated.
High blood pressure causes
The exact cause of high blood pressure is not well-known, but quite a lot of factors and conditions may play a role in its development, such as:
Being overweight or obese
Lack of physical activity
Too much salt in the diet
Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
Family history of high blood pressure
Chronic kidney disease
Adrenal and thyroid disorder
Other factors are environmental factors: Air pollution may cause high blood pressure regardless to how long you are exposed to it.
Inhaling air pollutants may show the way to the development of high blood pressure, according to an analysis available in the American Heart Association’s (AHA) journalHypertension. Earlier studies have attempted to link air pollution to high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension; however, the results were controversial and unpredictable. The recent study found that both short- and long-term exposure to air pollutants commonly associated with coal airborne dust, burning, vehicle exhaust, and dirt may influence whether somebody will develop high blood pressure.
High blood pressure symptoms
In the vast majority of cases, there are no clear symptoms of high blood pressure hypertension, which can lead to kidney failure, heart stroke, heart attack, and eye problems if untreated. The only way to come across if you have high blood pressure is to get your blood pressure checked on a regular basis. This is particularly important if you have a close family member who has high blood pressure
If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be assured symptoms to look out for, including:
A severe headache
Fatigue or confusion
Blood in the urine
If you have any of these hypertension symptoms, see a heart specialist without any further delay. You could be having a hypertensive crisis that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.
When to Seek Medical Care
A hypertensive urgent situation exists when blood pressure reaches levels that are destructing organs. Hypertensive emergencies, in general, occur at blood pressure level exceeding 180 systolic OR 120 diastolic but can take place at even lower levels in patients whose blood pressure had not been up to that time high.
The consequences of uncontrolled blood pressure in this array can be harsh and comprise of:-
Loss of consciousness
Damage to the eyes and kidneys
Loss of kidney function
If you get a blood pressure reading of 180 or higher on top or 110 or higher value on the bottom, and are having any symptoms of likely organ damage (chest pain, shortness of breath, backbone pain, numbness/weakness, change in visualization, difficulty in speaking) do not wait to see if your pressure comes down on its own. Search for emergency medical help without delay. Call 9-1-1. If you can’t access the emergency medical services, have someone drive you to the hospital straight away.
High blood pressure treatment
You can take valuable steps to lower your blood pressure with changes to your lifestyle and by taking prescriptions.
In all cases, you can benefit from making some simple lifestyle changes. You are also suggested to take medication will depend on your blood pressure level and your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack, kidney failure or stroke.
If your blood pressure is constantly above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at residence) but your danger of cardiovascular disease is low – you should be able to minor your blood pressure by making some changes to your lifestyle.
If your blood pressure is constantly above 140/90mmHg (or 135/85mmHg at home) but below 160/100mmHg – you will be offered medication to minor your blood pressure if you have the active or high risk of cardiovascular disease.
If your blood pressure is constantly above 160/100mmHg – you will be suggested for medication to lower your blood pressure.
Below are several changes you could make to your lifestyle to decrease high blood pressure. Some of these will minor your blood pressure in a matter of weeks, others may take longer.
Cut your salt intake
Eat a healthy, low-fat, balanced diet, including lots of fresh fruit and vegetables
Cut down on alcohol.
Drink less coffee, tea or other caffeine-rich drinks such as cola
High Blood Pressure Medications
There are numerous classes of blood pressure medications. Each class lower the blood pressure in a different manner.
Diuretics enhance urination which reduces the sodium and fluid in the body. That can help minor the blood pressure because it lowers blood amount. Mild hypertension can some time be treated using diuretics alone. Examples of diuretics include:
Beta-blockers lower blood pressure by acting directly on the heart. These high blood pressure medications reduce heart rate and force of pumping, as well as reduce blood volume. Beta blockers include:
Angiotensin is a hormone in the body that causes blood vessels to narrow. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors diminish the production of angiotensin and, in turn, that helps minor blood pressure. Examples of ACE inhibitors include:
Calcium channel blockers
Calcium increases the potency and force of contractions in the heart and blood vessels. Blocking its access to smooth muscle tissue reduces this consequence. Calcium channel blockers lower blood pressure by soothing blood vessels and reducing heart rate. Examples of calcium channel blockers include:
Heart is a muscular organ which means it is comprised of muscles. The muscles of the heart require an uninterrupted supply of oxygenated or oxygen-rich blood. The oxygen-rich blood is supplied to it by arteries.
Purification of impure blood takes place in the heart. This oxygenated blood is supplied to the entire body via the aorta. Aorta is divided into arteries which supply oxygenated blood to all the body parts. Arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles are known as coronary arteries.
The coronary arteries run along the surface of the heart. They are divided into the right coronary arteries and the left coronary arteries. They distribute oxygenated blood to different parts of the heart.
The muscles of the heart require a constant supply of oxygenated blood for the sustenance of the heart. The right ventricle of the heart and the lower portion of the left ventricle are furnished with the right coronary artery. The majority of the left ventricle is furnished with the left anterior coronary artery. There is circumflex artery which supplies the back of the left ventricle.
In case of coronary artery disease, these arteries are narrowed which leads to blockage in them. As a result, blood cannot flow as well as it should. Build up of proteins, calcium, fatty matter and inflammatory cells narrow these arteries causing the formation of plaques in them. These plaques have differed in size, the plaques are mushy and soft on the inside and hard on the outside.
Big plaques are more prone to rupture. Rupturing of the outer part of the plaque invites platelets (disc-shaped components in the blood that aid in clotting) to the area of injury. Platelets form blood clots around the plaque to support healing.
Blood clots block the arteries and the heart is not able to receive an adequate amount of oxygen-rich blood. If a blood clot completely blocks the arteries, the heart muscles become starved for oxygen. Within a short period of time, heart muscle cells begin to die for permanent damage. This is called a heart attack.
A heart attack can also be caused by the coronary syndrome. In this syndrome, the coronary arteries twitch or contract in a way which causes lowering of blood supply to the heart muscles (ischemia). It may occur at rest and can even occur in people who do not have coronary artery disease.
Each coronary artery supplies oxygenated blood to different regions of the heart. The size of the area supplied by the blocked artery and, the time between injury and treatment determine the amount of damage done to the heart muscles.
After suffering from a heart attack, the heart begins to recover. It takes about eight weeks to heal. The healing process in the heart is same as the healing process of a wound on the skin and it ends with the formation of a scar in the damaged area. So, the pumping ability of the heart is reduced after a heart attack.
What causes a heart attack?
Oxygenated blood is supplied to the heart by coronary arteries. The heart muscles need a constant supply of oxygenated blood for the nourishment of the heart. The right ventricle of the heart and the lower portion of the left ventricle are supplied by the right coronary artery. The majority of the left ventricle is supplied by the left anterior coronary artery.
In case of coronary artery disease, these arteries are blocked partially and are narrowed eventually. As a result, blood cannot flow as well as it should. These narrow arteries cause the formation of plaques in them by a build up of proteins, calcium, fatty matter and inflammatory cells. These plaques vary in size. The plaques deposits are mushy and soft on the inside and hard on the outside.
When the plaque has grown bigger and hard on the outside, it is subjected to rupture. Rupturing of the outer shell of the plaque invites platelets which are disc-shaped components in the blood that aid in clotting, to that area. Platelets form blood clots around the plaque to support healing.
Blood clots block the arteries and the heart is not able to receive sufficient amount of oxygen-rich blood. If a blood clot completely blocks the arteries, the heart muscles become starved for oxygen. This leads to the death of the muscle cells causing a heart attack.
A coronary spasm can also cause a heart attack. During the coronary spasm, the coronary arteries twitch or contract in a manner that brings the reduction in the blood supply to the heart muscles. Reduction of blood supply to the heart is known as ischemia. It may occur at rest and can even occur in people who do not have coronary artery disease.
Each coronary artery supplies different regions of the heart with oxygen-rich blood. The size of the area supplied by the blocked artery and, the time between injury and treatment determine the amount of damage done to the heart muscles.
Heart attack risk factors
The heart attack is most frequently caused by Coronary artery disease (CAD) or atherosclerotic heart disease (AHSD). In CAD or AHSD, the arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles, get narrowed. This happens because of the build-up of cholesterol plaques along the inner walls of these arteries. The outer shell of the plaques gets ruptured and platelets come to their rescue. Platelets form blood clots and block the supply of oxygenated blood to the heart muscles.
The risk factors for AHSD include:
high blood pressure
a family history
While heredity can’t be controlled or prevented, other risk factors can be reduced to try to prevent AHSD from developing. If a person, already has atherosclerosis (a disease of the arteries in which there is deposition of plaques on the inner walls of the arteries), he can minimize these risk factors to prevent further narrowing of the arteries.
Other causes of the heart attack are:
Use of cocaine: Cocaine can cause the heart muscles to twitch enough to cause a heart attack. The drug can also cause deadly heart rhythms by asserting it’s irritant effect on the heart’s electrical system.
Coronary artery vasospasm or prinzmetal angina: Coronary arteries can twitch or contract in a way that causes chest pain (angina). This is known as Prinzmetal angina.
Atypical coronary artery: In their normal position, the coronary arteries lie on the surface of the heart. Sometimes, the path of one or more arteries may change and dive into the heart muscles. When the heart muscles contract, they can twist the arteries and cause chest pain or angina.
Insufficient oxygen supply: Like other muscles of the body, the heart muscles also require the uninterrupted supply of oxygenated blood. If there isn’t sufficient oxygen delivery, angina and heart attack can occur.
Heart attack symptoms and signs
Common symptoms of heart attack are:
pain in a chest along with shortness of breath,
excessive sweating, and
The chest pain may be described as an ache, a pressure, fullness or tightness. Pain may also radiate from the chest to the shoulder, neck, jaw, or back.
Many people do not have these common signs. Other signs and symptoms of heart attack are:
sweating, nausea, dizziness or vomiting,
shortness of breath,
the pain only in the shoulders or arms,
jaw ache, or
indigestion or choking feeling ( may feel like heartburn)
a feeling of breaking out in a cold sweat
irregular or rapid heartbeats
These signs and symptoms are not the same for all and vary from person to person. Some people can get a heart attack without having many of these symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of heart attack are different in women. They can so unusual and unclear that they can be easily missed. Some women may experience nausea, light-headedness, fainting, extreme fatigue, dizziness, or pressure in the upper back.
When to seek medical care?
Chest pain is almost always considered an urgent situation. Apart from the heart attack, aortic dissection or tear and pulmonary embolus (formation of blood clot in the lung) can be lethal causes of chest pain.
Chest pain arising from a heart attack is described as chest pressure, tightness, or fullness with radiation of the pain to the shoulders, neck, jaw and down the arms. This pain is accompanied by shortness of breath or sweating. These are the common signs and symptoms of a heart attack but unfortunately, many people don’t have them. Many people have indigestion, profuse sweating, profound weakness, nausea, or shortness of breath as the main symptoms of a heart attack.
Rush to an emergency unit or call an ambulance as soon as you recognise these symptoms.First responders, emergency medical technicians, and paramedics can start testing and treatment even before you reach the hospital.
Many people lose their lives because they take chest pain and other symptoms of the heart attack like indigestion, nausea, fatigue or other illness, lightly. They ignore their fear. If you feel chest in your pain, don’t take it for granted. Doctors and medical staff in hospitals take chest pain very seriously. Seek medical care if you are unsure whether your symptoms are linked to heart disease or not.
Heart Attack Treatment
As soon as a heart attack is diagnosed, treatment starts. The treatment possibly begins in the ambulance or emergency room. The treatment for heart attack includes both medical treatment (mainly thrombolytic therapy) that is by using drugs and surgical procedures.
The heart attack is diagnosed by measuring heart’s electrical activity on an ECG (Electrocardiogram). The aim is to unblock the blocked artery as quickly as possible and return back blood supply to the heart. Unblocking of the artery should be as fast as possible because time is the most important factor in the treatment of a heart attack. The longer the delay in getting medical care, more intense is the damage.
Treatment must be carried out in a hospital and include administration of clot-busting drugs (thrombolytic drugs) to dissolve the clot at the site of the ruptured plaque. It also includes procedures like catheterization (in which a long tube is inserted in an artery and threaded to the blood vessels of the heart) and, angioplasty (surgical fixing or unblocking of a blood vessel).
How to prevent a heart attack?
While people cannot control their heredity, they can lessen the risk factors for heart disease by:
controlling cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes;
doing exercise regularly;
taking a low-dose or baby aspirin every day
These are all lifetime challenges to prevent stroke, heart disease, and peripheral vascular disease.
Even with the best of preventive care, heart attacks happen. It’s safe to develop an emergency plan so that if in case, chest pain occurs, you and your family know how to seek treatment without much delay.
This is true that many of our natural resources are being depleted without regard for conservation and many areas have become polluted. We should consider ourselves lucky because we live in a much safer environment that we can take the help of effective medications to help treat any medical condition that was supposed to be untreatable in the past. Earlier, when the antibiotics were not discovered, even the simplest bacterial infection can have a huge, bad impact on a person that develops the infection. Now, we have some antibiotics, including metronidazole, which is helpful in treating almost all types of infections caused by the bacteria.
When there is a discussion about antibiotic medications, metronidazole is considered as one of the effective drugs in this category. Health care specialists trust this medicine helps fight bacterial infection, and they highly recommend it more than any other antibiotic agents. Metronidazole is one of the most effective antibiotics because of its effectiveness in treating bacterial infections. It is highly recognizable antibiotic all over the world. If you develop a bacterial infection, your healthcare specialist will be more likely to prescribe Metronidazole to treat your health condition. You will see improvement within a few days of starting the treatment.
Metronidazole is successful in treating a variety of bacterial infections. Here are some of the ones that your health care specialist prescribes this medication to treat:
Skin and skin structure infections
Bone and joint infections
Lower respiratory tract infections
Central nervous system infections
Amebic liver abscess
Amebicide in the management of amebic dysentery
Perioperative prophylactic agent in colorectal surgery
Its topical form is effective in treating acne rosacea, and bacterial vaginosis.
There are different bacteria and protozoa that are responsible for causing bacterial infections depending on the body location in which they infect and multiplied. Once the bacteria attacked your body part or you got infected, it is essential that you take action to stop the infection or prevent the further development. Treating infection with Metronidazole is really an effective way to get rid of the infection caused by bacteria.
The pharmaceutical ingredient acts by killing the bacteria in the body and preventing the spreading and further growth. It stops the bacteria from reproducing and developed in the body. With the help of this antibiotic agent, the growth of bacteria can be restricted and prevent bacteria from getting nourishment to grow.
Once you are diagnosed with any type of bacterial infection and prescribed with metronidazole for treating your bacterial infection, you should strictly follow the directions provided by your healthcare specialist. Most probably, your health care specialist will recommend 5 to 7 days of treatment. Make sure that you complete the course of medicine without skipping or overdosing. The regular intake of metronidazole will throughout the infected bacteria from your system and keep it clean for proper functioning. It is possible that you start feeling better in the mid of the treatment course, in this condition, you should continue with your treatment until the time your health care specialist has prescribed. This ensures that you completely free from the bacterial infection.
Metronidazole is an antibiotic agent used in various health conditions like anaerobic bacterial infections, protozoan infections, Crohn’s disease, and Helicobacter-associated gastritis. It destroys the germs that are responsible for causing the infection. The product is supplied in various forms like tablets and gels. The different form of Metronidazole has different side effects. Read below to learn about the common, serious, and rare side effects that can develop with each form of the antibiotic medication.
Side effects of metronidazole tablets:
Metronidazole when given orally as tablets are well tolerated. Some common side effects associated with gastrointestinal tract is nausea, which sometimes occurs along with anorexia, headache, diarrhoea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal cramping, oral mucositis, tastes disorders and epigastric pain. A metallic unpleasant taste is not normal. Patients suffering from Crohn’s disease are at high risk of developing certain extraintestinal cancers. Pancreatitis may occur, however, which abated on withdrawal of metronidazole. If a patient is consuming alcohol during g the treatment, he/she may develop flushing, nausea, headache, vomiting, or abdominal distress.
Patients may also experience glossitis, tongue discolouration, stomatitis, and a furry tongue. These unwanted effects may develop due to overgrowth of Candida, which may occur during effective treatment.
Body as a whole-
An individual taking metronidazole may experience hypersensitivity reaction like urticaria, angioedema, pruritus, rash, fever, anaphylactic shocks, and fever. One may also suffer from dryness of the mouth and nasal congestion. The antibiotic agent may also cause mild erythematous eruptions, as have fleeting joint pains. Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome may develop with the use of metronidazole.
Central nervous system (CNS) disorders-
CNS disorders, including convulsive seizures, vertigo, headache, dizziness, and incoordination may develop. Other problems like confusion and hallucinations have also been reported. There have been complaints of insomnia, depression, weakness, irritability, as well. Patients on metronidazole treatment may also experience ataxia, tremor, gait impairment, nystagmus, dysarthria, and confusion, which may disappear with the discontinuation of the medication.
With metronidazole, there is an increased risk of developing cholestatic or mixed hepatitis, liver injury, and an increase in liver enzymes has also been reported.
There are cases of liver failure that has been reported in patients taking metronidazole and another antibiotic agent together.
Eye problems including myopia, decreased visual acuity, changes in colour vision, and diplopia may occur with metronidazole.
Genitourinary tract issues–
Dryness of the vagina, cystitis, pruritus, vulva, s sense of pelvic pressure, and dysuria are associated with the use of metronidazole. Side effects such as polyuria, proctitis, pyuria, fever, incontinence, dyspareunia, and a decrease in libido may rarely occur. One may also develop a proliferation of Candida in the vagina.
A patient may experience leucopenia occasionally. There may be a rare case of bone marrow depression. There is a possibility of developing neutropenia, agranulocytosis, or thrombocytopenia.
Ear disorders, including tinnitus, impaired hearing or hearing loss have been reported.
Patients are advised to contact their healthcare specialist if any of the become bothersome and troubles you anyway.
Travoprost is a pharmaceutical drug used for increasing the fluid drainage through the eye’s natural drain. The eye drops effectively increase pressure in the eye caused by open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension in the eye. These eye conditions are caused by elevated pressure within the eye, which can lead to vision loss. The exact way how Travoprost works is still not known but is believed to reduce intraocular pressure by increasing uveoscleral outflow.
Travoprost is a prostaglandin analogue, which is used as an ocular hypotensive agent in glaucoma patients. Hypertrichosis of the eyelashes has been reported in such patients as a side effect. It has been revealed that the Travoprost ophthalmic solution may gradually change the appearance of eyelashes in the treated eye. These changes include an increase in the length, thickness, pigmentation, and number of eyelashes. Today, only Bimatoprost is approved clinically for growing eyelashes. It has been shown to significantly increase the length, darkness, and thickness of eyelashes. Bimatoprost is a most popular medication for treating eyelash hypertrichosis. Additional research using on Travoprost can perform in the future to identify whether or not this prostaglandin analogue induces eyelash growth as well as investigate other possible adverse effects associated with the medication.