Acne is a very common problem that occurs and disappears with time. When this skin problem becomes adamant and leaves scars for a long time, we call it severe acne.
We frequently witness pimple on the skin that remains for a short time and goes away on its own, but it does not always happen in the case of acne. Sometimes, the size and impact of acne is so severe that its victims are hurt emotionally. The chronic breakouts of blister-like acne causes scar on skin. Though there are several treatments available for all types of severe acne, but the exact causes behind its breakout are still unclear.
Possible causes of severe acne:
In most cases, severe or cystic acne is a genetic condition. It can happen due to overactive oil glands, excess of bacteria, infection and inflamed pimple. Mental stress, lack of nutritious elements in the body, hormonal disturbance and external pollution could also cause severe acne, but no one factor can be firmly ascertained for the problem.
Signs of severe acne:
Severe acne can easily be identified as it gets extremely red and deep acne lesions called cysts leave long-lasting scars on skin. The acute skin inflammation takes away the beauty of skin and your skin can further swell in the contact of chemical elements.
Types of severe acne:
All forms of severe acne can be classified into four categories as per their nature and impact on the skin. These four types of severe acne are:
1. Nodulocystic acne
The form of nodulocystic acne is simply denoted by the redness or inflamed cysts of skin. It causes red bumps filled with pus that feels very painful when pressed. There can be one or a group of bumps that look like a cystic cluster. The area of bumps can be up to a few centimeters and its impact could be on various body parts like face, back, shoulder, neck and chest.
2. Conglobata acne
This type of acne is chronic in nature that affects men more often than women. People in their 20s and 30s witness this skin issue that probably starts with pimples and then gets worse with skin inflammation and infections. Sometimes, the previously treated acne occurs again in the form of conglobata acne and then it causes deeper scar.
Some common symptoms of conglobata acne include:
• Skin redness and deep scar
• Break out of blackheads on upper arm area, face and neck
• Small bumps filled with pus
The occurrence of sudden and severe skin inflammation causes acne fulminans that may cover the entire body. It could be a result of intense medication and hormonal disorder in the body. In some cases when the treatment of conglobata acne fails, it then causes fulminans stage of acne that requires non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The recurrence of fulminans acne leaves deep scars on the skin and, sometimes, causes mild fever, joint pain and severe skin problems.
4. Gram negative folliculitis acne
The inflammation of skin, hair follicles causes gram negative folliculitis that looks like severe acne. This skin condition can be augmented by the bacterial infection, even oral antibiotic could cause red bumps on the skin that becomes a form of cystic acne. A Gram stain is used to measure the effects of bacteria. When the skin does not turn blue after the introduction of Gram stain, it’s called Gram negative.
Treatment of severe acne:
Topical treatment is very popular to diagnose cystic acne. It is completely natural, safe, and affordable. Some of the natural tips to treat severe acne include:
• Facial mask
Cystic acne can flare up due to imbalance in pH levels, so a facial mask of natural elements can treat it significantly. You can make a mixture of lemon juice, apple cider vinegar and turmeric powder to paste on the face or affected area. This mask works like anti-inflammatory layer to alleviate blackheads and skin redness. You can take this treatment at least once a week for best results.
• Honey mask
Honey is an excellent anti-inflammatory moisturizer that can heal scars, wounds and flush acne-related bacteria. Take raw honey, nutmeg and cinnamon mask that can restore skin’s moisture and unclog pores.
• Ice rub
The easy, affordable and effective- ice. It has the quality to reduce inflammation that causes severe acne. Icing in the infected area can reduce swelling, remove dirt, freeze skin pores and absorb skin oil.
• Skin care routine
Maintain a healthy and regular skin care routine to get rid of cystic acne. You have to make sure your skin is perfectly exfoliated and cleaned before moisturizing. Keep your skin hydrated and apply sunscreen to avoid the damage from UV rays. The application of glycolic acid, enzymes, petroleum jelly, salicylic acid, and scrubs can help you maintain skin moisture and clean all types of severe acne.
Like many other petty skin problems, acne can also happen naturally and its impact is usually remains for a few days. But you should not ignore it otherwise its scar will become harder to remove. In this regard, understanding the treatment of severe acne is very important as you would not like to flaunt scar on your skin.